Home Asia Europe North America Polar Regions South America Africa Australia
English
Italian
Korean
Chinese (Simplified)
Chinese (Traditionnal
Portuguese
German
French
Spanish
Japanese
Arabic
Russian
Greek
Dutch
Bulgarian
Czech
Croat
Danish
Finnish
Hindi
Polish
Romanian
Swedish
Norwegian
Catalan
Filipino
Hebrew
Indonesian
Latvian
Lithuanian
Serbian
Slovak
Slovenia
Ukrainian
Vietnamese
Albanian
Estonian
Galician
Maltese
Thai
Turkish
Hungarian

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

Europe Natural Wonders
Hverfjall Crater
Dettifoss
Vatnajökull & Grimsvotn
Svartifoss, Skaftafells
Geysir and Strokkur
Heimaey
Surtsey
Kongsfjorden
North Cape
The Lofoten Maelstrom
Lake Inari
Old Man of Hoy
North Gaulton Castle
 Abisko National Park

 

 

 

Svartifoss, Skaftafells National Park
Svartifoss, Skaftafells National Park
Sysla, Iceland
Earth's Natural Wonders in Europe & Middle East
Height of Svartifoss: 80 feet (25 meters)
Established as a park: 1956
 
 
 
Svarifoss Waterfall [1]

 

 

Svartifoss, Skaftafells National Park
Skaftafell National park in southeast Iceland was established in 1956. Among the natural treasures protected is the 80 foot high Svartifoss, or "dark waterfall." Fed by ice-cold meltwater from Svinafellsjokull, the narrow strand of water pours over a broad cliff of hexagonal basalt columns that seem to hang like organ pipes over the edge of a horseshoe-shaped ampitheater. This natural feature was the inspiration for the architectural design of Reykjavik cathedral in the nation's capital. [3]
Columns next to Svartifoss[2]

 

Svartifoss (Black Fall) is a waterfall in Skaftafell National Park in Iceland, and is one of the most popular sights in the park. It is surrounded by dark lava columns, which give rise to its name. The hexagonal columns were formed inside a lava flow which cooled extremely slowly, giving rise to crystallization. Similar well-known lava formations are seen at the Giant's Causeway in Northern Ireland, and on the island of Staffa in Scotland.

The base of this waterfall is noteworthy for its sharp rocks. New hexagonal column sections break off faster than the falling water wears down the edges.

These basalt columns have provided inspiration for Icelandic architects, most visibly in the Hallgrímskirkja church in Reykjavík, and also the National Theatre.[4]

Skaftafell National Park

Skaftafell National Park is situated between Kirkjubæjarklaustur, typically referred to as Klaustur, and Höfn in the south of Iceland.

It was founded on September 15, 1967, and enlarged twice afterwards. Today the park measures about 4.807 km2 (2884 mi²), making it Iceland's second largest national park. There you can find for example the valley Morsárdalur, the mountain Kristínartindar and the glacier Skaftafellsjökull (a spur of the Vatnajökull ice cap).

The landscape is very similar to some of the Alps, but it has been formed in thousands of years by different influences of fire (volcanic eruptions of Öræfajökull) and water (the glaciers Skeiðarájökull and Skaftafellsjökull), the rivers Skeiðará, Morsá und Skaftafellsá. Volcanic eruptions under the ice-cap can give rise to glacier runs (Icelandic:jökulhlaup) which swell the Skeiðará river massively. The sandy wasteland between the glacier and the sea caused by jökulhlaups is called the Sandur. The last jökulhlaup occurred in 1996.

Skaftafell is renowned in Iceland for its agreeable climate and the sunny days in summer, uncommon in the south of Iceland. There is a natural birch wood, Bæjarstaðarskógur, as well as many species of birds and arctic foxes.

The waterfall Svartifoss (Black Fall) flows over a step of about 12m. Its name comes from the black basalt columns behind it.

In the Middle Ages there were some large farms in this area, but they were abandoned after two volcanic eruptions and the ensuing glacier runs. The two surviving farms now mostly make a living from tourism. The park has also an information centre and a campground. There are many hiking trails crossing the area.[5]

 

 

 

tofce4
November 23, 2007

The World Wonders .Com-visit 1,000 world wonders at www.theworldwonders.com

 

 
 
African
American
Asian
European
Oceanian
Others
 
   
 
   
28 finalists-7 winners will be announced in 2011

 

 
References
 
1. Flickr-Svartifoss waterfall- Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 6/23/2009
2. Flickr-Columns next to Svartifoss-Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 6/23/2009
3. 1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-p. 277- Michael Bright-retrieved 6/22/2009
4. Wikipedia-Svartifoss, Skaftafells National Park-retrieved 7/18/2009
5. Wikipedia- Skaftafell National Park--retrieved 7/18/2009
 
 Wikipedia  text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  Link to this site---Terms of Service---Privacy policy---Contact Us

free web stats