Home Asia Europe North America Polar Regions South America Africa Australia
English
Italian
Korean
Chinese (Simplified)
Chinese (Traditionnal
Portuguese
German
French
Spanish
Japanese
Arabic
Russian
Greek
Dutch
Bulgarian
Czech
Croat
Danish
Finnish
Hindi
Polish
Romanian
Swedish
Norwegian
Catalan
Filipino
Hebrew
Indonesian
Latvian
Lithuanian
Serbian
Slovak
Slovenia
Ukrainian
Vietnamese
Albanian
Estonian
Galician
Maltese
Thai
Turkish
Hungarian

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

Europe Natural Wonders
Hverfjall Crater
Dettifoss
Vatnajökull & Grimsvotn
Svartifoss, Skaftafells
Geysir and Strokkur
Heimaey
Surtsey
Kongsfjorden
North Cape
The Lofoten Maelstrom
Lake Inari
Old Man of Hoy
North Gaulton Castle
 Abisko National Park

 

 

 

Kongsfjorden
Svalbard, Norway
Earth's Natural Wonders in Europe & Middle East
 
 
Length of Kongsfjorden: 25 miles (40 km)
Width of Kongsfjorden: 3 to 6 miles (5 to 10 km)
View of the Kongsfjorden. [1]

 

Kongsfjorden, which stretches 25 miles inland, is a natural wonder not simply in terms of scenic splendor, it is here that the warmer waters of the Atlantic meet the colder waters of the Arctic, producing an interesting series of biological processes in the water masses and sea floor. Freshwater from an active tidal glacier at the head of the fjord adds to the mix, and marine biologists enjoy studying the dynamic marine environment caused by the meeting of these waters.[3]

 

 

Kongsfjorden (Kongs Fjord or Kings Bay) is an inlet on the west coast of Spitsbergen, an island which is part of the Svalbard archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. The inlet is 26 km (16 miles) long and ranges in width from 6 to 14 km (4 to 9 miles). Two glaciers, Kronebreen and Kongsvegen, head the fjord.

The coal-mining town of Ny-Ålesund is located on its southern shore and is one of only 4 permanent settlements on Spitsbergen. It is also a popular shore break for cruises although it is worried that tourism may cause interference with the sensitive scientific devices in the settlement.

Kongsfjorden was originally named Deer Sound by Jonas Poole (1610), and was known as such by the English whalers until at least 1658. Giles and Rep (c. 1710) were the first to name it Koninks Bay. William Scoresby (1820) repeats this error by naming it Kings Bay, while he moves Deer Sound to a bay in the northeast of the fjord. Modern cartographers have simply repeated this error.[4]

Ny-Ålesund, a coal-mining town, is located on the inlet's southern shore. Kongs Fjord has been a base for a number of polar flights, including that of Richard E. Byrd (U.S.) with Floyd Bennett (U.S.) and that of Roald Amundsen (Norwegian) with Umberto Nobile (Italian), both in 1926.[5]

 

  ngmidgley
June 23, 2009

The World Wonders .Com-visit 1,000 world wonders at www.theworldwonders.com

 

 
 
African
American
Asian
European
Oceanian
Others
 
   
 
   
28 finalists-7 winners will be announced in 2011

 

 
References
 
1. Flickr- Kongsfjorden--Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 7/18/2009
2. Flickr-Kongsfjorden--Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 7/18/2009
3. 1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-p. 282- Michael Bright-retrieved 6/22/2009
4. Wikipedia- Kongsfjorden-retrieved 7/18/2009
5.  MLA Style: "Kongs Fjord." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica 2009 Deluxe Edition. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2009.
 
 Wikipedia  text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  Link to this site---Terms of Service---Privacy policy---Contact Us

free web stats