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Dettifoss Waterfalls
Dettifoss Falls-Iceland
Husavik, Iceland
 
Earth's Natural Wonders in Europe & Middle East
 
Height of waterfalls: 144 feet (44 m)
Width of falls: 330 feet (100 m)
Water flow of falls: 110,000 gal. per sec. (500,000 l)
 
 
Dettifoss Falls-Iceland [1]
   

Dettifoss is a waterfall in Jökulsárgljúfur National Park of Northeast Iceland, not far from Mývatn. It is situated on the Jökulsá á Fjöllum river, which flows from the Vatnajökull glacier and collects water from a large area in Northeast Iceland. The falls are 100 m wide and have a drop of 44 m down to the Jökulsárgljúfur canyon. It is the largest waterfall in Europe in terms of volume discharge, having an average water flow of 200 m3/s.[2]
 
Dettifoss River [1]
 

The Myvatn region in the northeast of Iceland is volanically active, its lunar-like landscape dominated by the Kafla volcano. There are lava field and hot springs, such as Namaskaro, an area of spewing geysers and bubbling mudpools. It is also a land of cascading waterfalls and deep gorges, the most spectacular waterfall, Dettifoss, lying along the Jokulsa a Fjollum, the island's longest river. The river is fed by ice melt from the Vatnajokull and crosses over a high plateau which is scarred by lava flows, before it enters the sea at Oxarfjorour. There is also the impressive Myvatn ("Midge Lake"), which the area is named after.
Dettifoss is 144 feet (44 m) high and 330 feet (100 m) wide. They are considered to be the most powerful waterfalls in Europe., with an estimated 110,000 gallons of water passing over the falls every second. To the south is Selfoss, another cataract which is 33 feet high, and the 90 foot high Hafragilfoss.
Below Dettifoss is a deep canyon, Jokulsargljufur, which was gouged out by a series of catastrphic floods, the last occurrig about 2,500 years ago. In the 1970's plans to build a hydroelectric power station were abandoned and the area is now protected. [3]

Dettifoss waterfall – Iceland’s largest falling body of water

Located in the northeastern Iceland, Dettifoss Waterfall is one of the largest waterfalls of in the country. It is situated on the Jokulsa-a-Fjollum River, which flows from the Vatnajokull Glacier. The Glacier, which itself is the largest glacier in Iceland is situated on the southeastern coast of the country.
Dettifoss is counted as amongst the powerful waterfalls among its mainland European counterparts. It’s flow is estimated, though, not properly documented, is somewhere between 200 – 500 cubic meters of water falling down per second. But then this all depends on the weather-wise ice melt.
The fall, a part of the Jokulsargljufur National Park, is 100 meter wide and has a drop zone of 44 meters towards the Jokulsargljufur canyon.


 

 

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References
 
1. Flickr-Dettifoss Falls-Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 6/23/2009
2. Wikipedia-Dettifoss Falls-retrieved 6/23/2009
3. 1,001 Natural Wonders You Must See Before You Die 2005-p. 215- Michael Bright-retrieved 6/22/2009
 
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