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Pachmarhi
Madhya Pradesh, India
Earth's Natural Wonders in Asia
Area of Pachmarhi-23 sq mi (59 sq km)
Elevation-3,500 ft. (1,067 m)
Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh's serene hill station, which happens to be its only one, stands at an altitude of 1067 metres. It is a large plateau, ringed by the lofty hills of the Satpura range. The landscape is characterised by rugged hills, forests and deep ravines. Known as the verdant jewel of the hills, the all - pervading greenery of the region is what strikes the observer. Various hues of green greet the eye - tranquil emerald pools, the green shades that embrace the hills, and the thick, impenetrable forest cover that dominates the region.
One side the Tawa dam reservoir and the other side the Satpura forests, leading to Pachmarhi - the only hillstation of Madhya Pradesh. [1]

Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve

The Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve is a conservation area in the Satpura Range of Madhya Pradesh state, India. It was created on March 3, 1999 by the Indian Government, and covers parts of Hoshangabad, Betul, and Chhindwara districts.

The Biosphere reserve's total area is 4926.28 km². It includes three wildlife conservation units, the Bori Sanctuary (518.00 km²), Satpura National Park (524.37 km²), and Pachmarhi Sanctuary (461.37 km²). Satpura National Park is designated as the core zone, and the remaining area of 4501.91 km², including the Bori and Pachmarhi sanctuaries, constitutes the buffer zone.

The reserve is mostly covered in forest, part of the Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests ecoregion. It is an important transition zone between the forests of western and eastern India; the forests are dominated by Teak (Tectona grandis), but include the westernmost groves of sal (Shorea robusta), which is the dominant tree of eastern India's forests. Large mammal species include tiger, leopard, wild boar, muntjac deer, gaur (Bos gaurus), chital deer (Axis axis), sambar (Cervus unicolor), and Rhesus Macaques. [2]

 

Pachmarhi

Pachmarhi is a hill station in Madhya Pradesh state of central India, also known for the Pachmarhi Cantonment. It is widely known as "Satpura ki Rani" (Queen of Satpura), situated at a height of 1000 m in a valley of the Satpura Range in Hoshangabad district. The highest point in the central India region and the Vindhya and Satpura range; Dhupgarh at 1100 m is located here.

The area was introduced to western world in the modern times by Captain James Forsyth of the British Army in 1857. Pachmarhi became a hill station and sanatorium for British troops in the Central Provinces of India. The population in 1901 was 3020, rising to double that number in the hot summer months. Pachmarhi also served as the summer capital for the Central Provinces. The forest around the town is home to many rare varieties of plants. UNESCO added Pachmarhi park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009.

The town is not very large, and most of the area is under Indian Army's control and lies in Pachmarhi Cantonment, overall population of about 10,000 population, with the majority of it being the Army.

The civilian town is small and towards the tip of a lake. It has some hotels and a movie hall. A bazaar runs through the small town. There is a large swathe under the Army control, which includes the area near the club and the golf course.

A rarely used airstrip is towards Dhupgarh. It is overrun with grass and is seldom used. Tigers are known to have been sighted near the airstrip. Panther sightings are common along the edge of the Pachmarhi Cantonment.

During our 5th trip to India we visited Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh, India.

 

Zrisky
March 04, 2009

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References
 
1.Flickr-Pachmarhi-Creative Commons Attribution License-retrieved 8/12/2009
2. Wikipedia-Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve-retrieved 8/12/2009
 3.
 
 

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